MIZORAM

AUTHOR- Dr. ANIMESH RAY

PUBLISHER -National Book Trust ,India

This book is all about Mizorm. Author categorized the knowledge of the book in the different sections like Land, Climate, People, Festivals & Clothing. Perching on the high hills of the North-Eastern corner, Mizoram is store house of natural beauty with its endless variety of landscape, hilly terrains, meandering streams deep gorges, rich wealth of flora and fauna. Flanked by Bangladesh to the east and south, Mizoram occupies an important strategic position, having a long international boundary of 722 km.

THE LAND

Mizoram is a mountain region, which became the 23rd state of the union in February 1987. It was one of the districts of Assam till 1972 when it becomes a union territory subdivided between Myanmar in the east -south and Bangladesh in the west Mizoram occupies an area of great strategies important in the north-eastern corner of India. It has total of 630 mile boundary with Myanmar and Bangladesh, The hills are more-velausly green.

CLIMATE

The upper part of the hills are, predictably cold, cool during the summer, while the lower reaches are relatively warm and humid storms break, but during the march-April, just before or around the summer. The maximum average temperature in the summer 30degree celcius within the winter the minimum average temperature is around 11 degrees Celsius. The four months between November and February are winter in Mizoram. The temperature moves between 19 to 24 degree Celsius.

THE PEOPLE

Historian believes that the MIZOS are the part of the great wave of the Mongolian race spiving ever into the eastern and southern India centuries ago. Their sojourn in western Burma, into the which they eventually around the 17th century, to last about two the cumulative result is high percentage 95% per as national sample survey 1997-98 which to consider to be highest in India.

FESTIVALS

MIZOS practice what is known as JHUM cultivation, they splash down the jungle, burn the trunks and leaves and cultivate the land. All their activities revolve around the JHUM operation and their festivals, all connected with such agriculture operation.

CLOTHING

  • The original garment of the MIZOS is known as “PUAN”.
  • Some of common clothing or PUAN are:-
  • PUANCHEI: – It is by far the most colorful costume and is used by every MIZOS lady.
  • NEGATEKHERH: – This traditional PUAN is one round the beast originally it was a men’s PUAN but now it won by men and women alike.
  • HUMARAM: – Originally this small hand woven cloth of handspun cotton and indigo.
  • CYHNA HNO: – It is a beautiful embroidered silk PAUN of the Mara’s. It is used by the both men and women.

By AYUSHI NEGI ( 10TH A)

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WOMEN IN INDIAN SOCIETY

wmenAuthor’s :- Neera Desai & Usha Thakkar

Publisher:- National Book Trust

Cost:- Rs 60/-

About Author:-

  • Neera Desai, presently Distinguished fellow, Center for Women’s Development Studies, Delhi, is a renowned scholar of Women’s Studies and has been one of the pioneers of research on issues of feminism, gender dimensions in the family, women’s movement and education. Formerly Professor and Head, Department of Sociology, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, She was founder Director of Research Center for Women’s Studies. Her major works include, Women in Modern India, Two Decades of Women’s Movement, Women and Society (co-author) etc.
  • Usha Thakkar, Honorary Director, Institute of Research on Gandhian Thought and Rural Development, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Mumbai did her post-doctoral research at the University of Chicago and Cornell University (on Fullbright Fellowship) and at York University on WID Fellowship from the Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute. Formerly Professor and Head, Department of Political Science, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, she has presented papers on women’s issues in national and international conferences and has contributed in many prestigious journals. Her publications include Kautilya’s Arthashastra (co-author), Women and Men Voters (co-author), Pushpanjali Essays in Honor of Dr. Usha Mehta (co-editor) etc.

About Book:-

The present book, ‘Women in Indian society’, is an attempt to paint a picture of the changing perceptions of the status and role of women at the threshold of the new millennium. In a country with a history spanning 5000 years, a multiplicity of languages, customs and cultural practices, a hierarchy based on caste and class, and varieties of religions and sects, it is not easy to draw all these different threads together and weave them into a pattern. In this exercise our aim is very modest.

Confined to women and women related issues, the book makes a concerted effort to present the status of Indian women against the ever-changing social, economic, political and academic backgrounds. Tracing the history of the women’s major issues and actions theorem since the 19th century, the book provides an insight into the complex nature of work contributed by women, their educational status, their contribution in organized and unorganized sectors, their political participation, legal status, their position in the family and the outside world, and some of the emergent issues. Specially published on the occasion of ‘Women’s Empowerment year, 2001’, the book is a worthy contribution in the field of gender and social studies.

 By Lokender (Class X)

KRISHNA

In Hinduism and Indian mythology Krishna is the eighth avatar or incarnation of Lord Vishnu and was born in the Dvarpana Yuga. Krishna is the embodiment of love and divine joy that destroys all pain and sin. Krishna is the protector of sacred utterances and cows. Krishna is the trickster and lover, an instigator of all forms of knowledge and born to establish the religion of love. The Sanskrit word Krishna has the literal meaning of black” or dark blue. According to some scholars Krishna was born on Wednesday, the eight days of second  of  night in  seven months in the year of vishvasu around  3228 BC July 19 3228 BC more accurate. When the moon entered the house of vrishabha in Rohini Nakshatra {star}  that lord appeared, also  known as diaper Yug. He lived for 125 years and is a appeared on February  18th 31202 BC (according to old sources) on the new moon night phalguna. Mathura, a prominent town of northern India and the birth city of Sri Krishna was ruled by king uggarsain, a yadhuvanshi (belonging to the community of yadhavas)  Kansa succeeded in killing all the six newborn babies of Devaki  and Vasudeva, however the seventh child was saved by divine  intervention as the child was transferred from Devaki’s womb to that of Rohini’s, Vasudeva’s other wife. Thus Balram the older brother of Krishna was born, but Kans thought that Devaki had a miscarriage. Krishna was born in a prison cell in the captivity king Kansa, from the time, Devaki’s conceived Sree Krishna, she began to glow and exude divine light. When Krishna born rain comes. Sheshnag the serpent formed an umbrella to the saved the new born baby fro rain. Vasudev kept his child next to fast a sleep Yashoda and took the baby girl lying with him back to Mathura. The baby girl is believed to be the sister of Lord Vishnu.

                                                                                                        By Deepanshu ( VII A)

Amazing Fact Finder: Transport

Editor: Shyam Dua, Viny Makkar      Illustrator: K. S. Kohli

Publisher: Tiny Tot Publications         Cost:  Rs 125/-

This ‘Amazing Fact Finder Transport’ is a fascinating collection of the information about the Transport. It admits the recent growth and breakthroughs which led men to go on easy and quick life.
It helps the leader to know about the means of transport, which have played an important role in speeding up their lives. In a nutshell, it is an approach to skillful study.
This ‘Amazing Fact Finder Transport ‘ is an exciting new approach to learning. It includes information about the several means of transport used by men. The clear, informative text and fascinating facts added by delightful diagram make it a wealth of knowledge.
It is an exquisite source of information to its reader who will surely feel on top the world by knowing the comfort they are getting. It excites its readers or they read on and helps them to forget the rugged life which the man’s face in his early times.

                                                                                                                                  By Rohit Rana (X B)